:''"Homer", "Homeric", and "Homerus" redirect here. For other uses, see Homer (disambiguation)
, Homeric (disambiguation)
, Homerus (disambiguation)
'''Homer''' ( , ''Hómēros'') is best known as the author of the ''Iliad
'' and the ''Odyssey
''. He was believed by the ancient Greeks
to have been the first and greatest of the Epic poetry|epic poets
. Author of the first known literature
of Europe, he had a lasting effect on the Western canon
Whether and when he lived is unknown. Herodotus
estimates that Homer lived 400 years before his own time, which would place him at around 850 BCE.
[Herodotus 2.53.] Life of Homer (Pseudo-Herodotus)|Pseudo-Herodotus
estimates that he was born 622 years before Xerxes I
placed a pontoon bridge over the Hellespont
in 480 BCE, which would place him at 1102 BCE, 168 years after the Trojan War|fall of Troy
in 1270 BCE. These two end points...